The oil and gas industry poses some significant challenges for manufacturers to produce, supply, and maintain a high quality of delivery according to required targets and timelines. Apart from these, producers also need to comply with strict environmental guidelines set forth by different territories where they operate. As such, there is a constant need to find solutions for these processes that will help achieve metric goals while at the same time mitigating the cost of installation.
There are different technologies used in the oil and gas industry for measuring different fluid characteristics such as flow rate, viscosity, temperature, and pressure. A turbine flowmeter is a typical example of flow meters especially suitable for rugged conditions. One advantage of a turbine flow meter is its capability to produce highly accurate measurements.
How does a turbine flow meter work?
Turbine flow meters are an excellent choice if there is a need to measure clean, low viscous fluids flowing at a medium to high speed, such as those that are found in oil fields. Turbine flow meters can maintain accurate measurements and remain structurally sound even after extended exposure to acidic compounds used in these applications.
The first stage of the process begins when fluid that enters the turbine flows through the flow straightener to reduce turbulence. From here, fluid will then flow to the meter’s body activating the rotor so that it rotates proportionally to the fluid velocity. Each of the turbine blades passing through a magnetic field generates an alternating current pulse. These pulses pertain to the fluid’s volumetric flow.
Specific applications of turbine flow meters
Turbine flow meters are versatile measurement devices which can gauge the movement of water in hydraulic machines, as well as other liquids and gases. Here are the specific applications of turbine flow meters in the gas and oil industry.
- Pipelines delivering natural gas. In various areas of natural gas production and delivery, turbine flow meters work in different installations such as in truck loading, metering, and transferring to small pipelines.
- Hydraulic machines. There are several stages involved in oil fracturing and treatment. The primary purpose of turbine flow meters is in metering water. Apart from monitoring water, turbine flow meters also regulate all other chemicals pertinent to the treatment process.
- Disposal well. The oil and gas industry produces wastewater in the refining and treatment process. Wastewater gets stored in disposal wells and in underground tanks. Turbine flow meters measure the amount of water produced in the process.
Based on the many years of using turbine flow meters in the oil and gas industry, there is no doubt that turbine flow meters are suitable for these applications because this type of flow meter can withstand the corrosive effects of acidic compounds and harsh chemicals used to treat and refine oil and gas.
Turbine flow meters are also easy to maintain and do not require complicated installation and circuitry. Thus, turbine flow meters remain one of the most economical solutions used by many oil and gas producers around the world due to their reliability and durability.